Water and hygiene in West Baluwa


The municipality of Baluwa is located in the district of Kavre, a very poor area of Nepal where the main economic activity is subsistence farming and where more than 45% of the population is illiterate.

In western Baluwa it is difficult to have access to water: only 28% of families live near wells, the rest has to walk more than an hour a day to reach the nearest source of water. This situation has a negative impact on the hygienic conditions of this area, where diseases are widespread and transmitted through fecal-oral route. Schools play a key role in raising awareness about the correct use of water and on healthy hygiene practices.

To ensure access to water to 800 families in Baluwa, we have built a new water system powered by wells and about 300 toilets for the families. A committee for the management of the water system and the promotion of hygiene education has been founded. Furthermore, an awareness campaign was carried out to inform citizens about good hygiene practices, with the goal to reach 3400 people.

 We distributed to 1200 students educational material and 21 schools have been provided by units of rainwater harvesting, new toilets and furniture for the classrooms.

 We realized 3 units of rainwater harvesting and distributed to each family filters to treat the water. We have built the missing toilets in 175 houses, after discussing hygiene practices and the cleaning procedures to follow with the families. We have installed small biogas plants to transform organic waste from the families and from their livestock in sources of energy.

At the same time, we carried out pilot projects in schools to inform to raise awareness among the younger citizens about good hygiene practices, cleaning and the proper use of water.