Drinking water and promotion of livestock farming for the Bhotekoshi community



The old water system of the Sahukhane community was completely destroyed by the earthquake in 2015. Currently there is no running water system for their daily consumption and for raising livestock.

Average water consumption is dangerously low with an average of 100 liters per day for a family of six. 16 liters per day per person is too low to drink and for all recommended sanitation practices.

The farmers have invested a lot of time to start the cereal crops, but production was not sufficient to cover the needs. Most of the land remains uncultivated due to the slopes, there are no irrigation systems and the farmers are poorly aware about the production of income crops. The yield of basic foods can cover the families’ needs for no more than 3 months.

Farm products are grown only for household consumption and there are no market activities. Furthermore the
Chauris — crossbreeds of yak and hill cows (Aule gai) and / or Kirko (bull) and Nak (female yak) — have
little availability of pastures and forages due to the deforestation of the oak forest, which is now about to disappear. If pasture productivity does not improve and forage supply is inadequate, shepherds will begin abandoning the Chauri farming business within the next five years. There is also a lack of veterinary services.

As for the production of dairy products, shepherds are not satisfied with the price and marketing systems, they would like to increase productivity per year per-capita.

About five years ago, the Bhotekhoshi community supported itself thanks to the Chauri breeding. Nowadays it is forced to choose between various options such as: 1) trade (Tibet-Nepal); 2) migration to Kathmandu and other places in Nepal; 3) go to Malaysia and / or Arab countries for work; and 4) seasonal migration to India.


Project’s objectives

Therefore, the project aims to improve the living conditions of these rural communities through the construction of a water system and the strengthening of the hygienic knowledge of the rural community of Bhotekoshi as well as strengthening the Chauri farming system and the marketing of dairy products, in order to promote socio-economic development of these remote mountain areas.


Main activities

  • Establishment of water supply systems in upper Sapukhane and lower Sapukhane
  • Establishment of 1 water system management committee at Sapukhane
  • Hygiene awareness campaign
  • Creation of groups of farmers and identification of grazing lands for Chauri breeding
  • Purchase and distribution of chauri
  • Management of pastures for long-term sustainability
  • Development of skills – training to improve technical breeding practices
  • Training on the quality and healthy production of dairy products and distribution of essential equipment
  • Guidance on the modalities and benefits of livestock insurance to mitigate the risk of death from accidents and / or illnesses
  • Access to health care and food management
  • Training on setting up a business plan for Chauri breeders
  • Marketing of dairy products


Activities in Italy

Organization of a photographic exhibition on the themes of the project in order to raise awareness in the Bolzano community about problems related to access to water and the lack of livelihoods in Nepal. Particular attention will be given to the problem of cultural and linguistic minorities in Nepal.


What happened during the pandemic

Despite the numerous impediments and troubles due to the pandemic from COVID-19, the activities continued. This is what was achieved until early May 2021:

Copia di novità dal nepal



In Nepal: direct – 942; indirect – 16.772
In Italy: direct – 1.000; indirect – 10.7519


Project funded by