A cup of coffee to promote rural development in Nuwakot District

Nimaro distribution from shade house_Bimire URM-4_Aug2021

WHERE


mappa-nepal-progetto-caffeThe project will take place in the Rural Municipalities of Kispang and Myagang of the Nuwakot district.

The district is located in the central hilly area of Nepal, in the Bagmati province. Around 90% of the district’s population depends on agricultural production as a source of livelihood and income, and agriculture is dominated by traditional crops such as rice, buckwheat, maize and low-yielding legumes. Production is often insufficient to meet the food needs of the district’s inhabitants, and a large percentage of the district’s population lives below the poverty line. The climate and altitude of the Nuwakot district, and in particular of the Rural Municipalities of Myagang and Kispang, are particularly suited to the production of coffee, which, thanks to the strong increase in demand on national and international markets, represents a complementary income opportunity for farmers in the district.

 

WHY WE ACT IN THIS AREA


ASIA has been active in the Nuwakot district since 2020, in particular with agroforestry projects aimed at the introduction of cash crops (fruit trees, coffee and fodder) that can provide complementary income opportunities to farmers in the district. The Nuwakot district, like all rural areas of Nepal, is characterized by very high rates of unemployment and difficulties in making a living through traditional agricultural practices, which are exacerbated by climate change and the lack of government extension services. This is pushing many people to abandon the rural areas of the country, to seek opportunities in the Kathmandu valley or abroad (for example in the Gulf countries), where many young Nepalese often emigrate to work as labourers, in terrible working conditions.

ASIA works in rural areas of the country with the aim of promoting income opportunities that incentivize the local population to support the development of the areas in which they live. Conventional agroforestry practices in Nuwakot district play an important role in farmers’ livelihoods because agricultural productivity is declining and traditional forest resources are unable to meet the growing demand for food, fodder and fuelwood. Furthermore, environmental degradation is becoming an emerging problem. Since coffee has a high export value and a large domestic market, its cultivation has the potential to increase the income of smallholders. Furthermore, the planting of multifunctional trees such as shade trees for coffee and vegetables and spices with high market value, combined with livestock breeding, make it possible to diversify family income and reduce business risk to a minimum.

Based on this empirical evidence, coffee agroforestry systems will represent the best agroforestry approach for sustainable and regenerative agriculture in the area that will make farmers more resilient by providing an opportunity for livelihood diversification. From a resistance and emissions point of view, agroforestry is a functional and effective technique in terms of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, the adoption of which in hillside agriculture will reduce the impact of climate variability and the associated risks.

 

OBJECTIVES


The project aims to promote rural development and food security in the Nuwakot district, Nepal, through the improvement of the production chain.

The specific objectives are:

Promote an increase in annual income for groups of young people and unemployed women by increasing coffee production by 20% and spreading an agroforestry production model
Encourage the promotion of the Nuwakot coffee supply chain through the involvement and capacity building of local cooperatives and the introduction of better product processing technologies.

 

ACTIVITIES


A1: Selection and training of marginal farmers and smallholders on coffee cultivation, accessory plants, and support production
A2: Strengthening of production assets with investments aimed at increasing efficiency and reducing risk due to climate change and the absence of rain
A3: Improvement of the skills and organizational capabilities of cooperatives, instrumental in increasing the sector’s profitability, efficiency and marketing capacity

BENEFICIARIES


The direct beneficiaries are 140 producer families (around 700 people)
The indirect beneficiaries are 12,417 individuals (6,086 men and 6,331 women) from Myagang and 14,122 people (6,920 men and 7,202 women) from Kispang.

 

PARTNER


Beautiful Coffee Nepal

 

PROJECT FUNDED BY


provincia-autonoma-bolzanoAutonomous Province of Bolzano and ASIA