PROMOTION OF HIGHLY BIODIVERSITY AND CLIMATE RESILIENT PASTORAL MODELS IN MONGOLIA

Accampamento base WLI

WHERE


mappa-mongolia-tovThe project is concentrated in the mountainous area of the municipality of Bayan Onjuul, located in the province of Tuv, in central Mongolia.

 

CONTEXT


The main economic activity of the area is livestock farming according to traditional pastoral practices, with free-roaming horses and cattle and sheep and goats guarded by dogs during seasonal rotational grazing. The area is sparsely populated, with a human population density of 0.57 inhabitants/km². The human-carnivore conflict is very strong, as livestock graze more and more frequently in territories rich in predators and these inevitably hunt the easiest prey, namely small ruminants. This phenomenon in turn triggers the killing of predators by farmers. Ecosystem degradation has led to rodent epidemics which, by strongly influencing the food source for other primary consumers, in turn influence predator-prey cycles.

The natural system of the area is threatened above all by the growth of the cashmere market in Mongolia, which has led to an increase in the number of goats, intensifying competition for food sources with wild ungulates and leading to overgrazing. Furthermore, goats’ hooves, having a very limited surface area, exert an extremely high specific pressure on the soil, even compared to cattle, causing phenomena of root constipation, anaerobiosis and, in general, causing a worsening of the characteristics of the soil and the health of the sward.

This initiative aims to respond to these problems, promoting effective good practices for land management compatible with environmental limits, in particular climate, and capable of improving the local production system which is based, precisely, on animal production. The enormous and constant increase in cashmere goats, which went from around 20 million in 1990 to over 70 million in 2022, is a threat to the conservation of the ecosystem and ASIA intends to address this problem to promote sustainable economic development for future generations . ASIA also intends to support wildlife conservation in particularly threatened and significant areas, through replicable interventions.

 

PROJECT’S OBJECTIVES


The initiative aims to guarantee a balance between the ecosystem and the sustainable use of the natural resources of the communities of the Bayan Onjuul District, in Mongolia.
The specific objectives are:
Preserve and improve the biodiversity of the Bayan Onjuul area, through the conservation of ecosystems, forests, mountains and drylands, as well as the implementation of sustainable agricultural practices.

 

ACTIVITIES


Activity 1 – Scientific field research and monitoring of wild animals in the area and their behavior, with particular attention to umbrella species
Activity 2 – Field research and monitoring of wild plants, focusing on umbrella species and then reinforcing their presence
Activity 3 – Promoting awareness of the intrinsic value of biodiversity, environmental sustainability and sustainable grazing techniques

 

BENEFICIARIES OF THE PROJECT


Direct beneficiaries: 40 shepherds, 1 local school and a group of 12 women from the village of Bayan Onjuul
Indirect beneficiaries: 2,200 inhabitants of the municipality of Bayan Onjuul

 

PROJECT IN PARTNERSHIP WITH


– Local NGO “WLI – Wildlife Initiative”
– Bayan Onjuul Municipality

 

PROJECT FUNDED BY


logo-ubi-prog-mongolia